USA: New Powertrains Drives Ford Revolution
More than 20 powertrain actions across Ford, Lincoln and Mercury 2005-model lineup, including more than 10 products with new or updated engines.·
All-new Duratec I-4, CVTs, 6-speed automatics, All-Wheel-Drive and 6.8-liter, 3-valve V-10.·
New Electronic Throttle Control and Electronics Control Modules aid performance, fuel efficiency.
DEARBORN, Mich., May 21, 2004 - Ford Motor Company’s “Revolution Under the Hood” hits full throttle this year with an unprecedented wave of new engines and transmissions for 2005-model products.
“This year, every car, truck, SUV and crossover we launch will benefit from what we call our ‘Revolution under the Hood’ - a massive undertaking begun five years ago to improve the performance, refinement, fuel economy and emissions of our entire lineup,” said Phil Martens, group vice president, Product Creation, Ford Motor Company.”
“We have never had this many powertrain introductions in one year,” said Dave Szczupak, vice president, Ford Powertrain Operations. “There is more innovation in engine and transmission technology now than at anytime since the beginning of the auto industry 100 years ago.
“There is really a revolution throughout the auto industry,” said Szczupak. “Traditional powertrains are being pushed now more than ever to eliminate emissions and maximize fuel efficiency. At the same time, the customer expects no compromises with performance.”
2005 Ford Focus
Ford's new Duratec 20 and 23 engine powers the new 2005 Ford Focus
This year alone, Ford is:
Launching 11 all-new or significantly updated engines - including the expansion of the global I-4 engine architecture (2005 Ford Focus, Escape) and 3-valve per cylinder V-8 (2005 Ford Mustang) and V-10 engines (F-Series Super Duty, 6.8-liter, 3-valve V-10).
Launching the first full-hybrid from a domestic manufacturer and the first hybrid SUV - the 2005 Ford Escape Hybrid.
Introducing five all-new transmissions - two Continuously Variable Transmissions (CVTs) and two 6-speed automatics - one for front-wheel-drive applications and the second for rear-wheel-drive trucks as well as the all-new, 6-speed manual transmission in the 2005 Ford GT.
Adding three new transmission applications with the option of a 4-speed automatic to the I-4 Escape, a 5-speed automatic to Mustang and expansion of the new Torqshift 5-speed automatic transmission to all Super Duty gasoline and diesel variants.
2005 Escape Hybrid
Debuting All-Wheel-Drive (AWD) in vehicles priced under $30,000 - the 2005 Ford Freestyle, Ford Five Hundred sedan and Mercury Montego.
Expanding the use of fuel-saving and performance-enhancing Electronic Throttle Control (ETC), a feature first found in fighter aircraft, by making it standard on nearly every new car and truck launched for 2005. By the end of the year, nearly 60 percent of Ford, Lincoln and Mercury products in North America will come standard with this feature.
" Introducing five all-new transmissions - two Continuously Variable Transmissions (CVTs) and two 6-speed automatics - one for front-wheel-drive applications and the second for rear-wheel-drive trucks as well as the all-new, 6-speed manual transmission in the 2005 Ford GT.
Expanding the company’s list of some of the cleanest vehicles on the road - in mass volume - with such products as the all-new Escape Hybrid and the Focus PZEV. Ford’s new four-cylinder engine family will allow the company to put 150,000 partial zero emissions Focus cars on the road by the end of the 2005 model year.
A summary of the vehicles in which Ford is introducing new powertrains this year includes:
2005 All-New or Significantly Updated Engines:
· 2.3-liter Duratec 23 I-4 (all-new)
Ford Focus ST, Ford Escape and Mercury Mariner
· 2.0-liter Duratec 20 I-4 (all-new)
· 2.0-liter Duratec 20e I-4 PZEV
· 2.3-liter Duratec 23e (all-new)
Ford Escape Hybrid (Hybrid Electric Motor)
· 3.0-liter Duratec 30 V-6 (updated)
Ford Freestyle, Ford Five Hundred, Mercury Montego,
Mercury Mariner and Ford Escape
· 4.0-liter SOHC V-6 (updated)
· 4.2-liter V-6 (updated)
· 4.6-liter 3-valve V-8 (new)
Ford Mustang GT
· 6.8-liter 3-valve V-10 (new)
Ford F-Series Super Duty
· 5.4-liter 3-valve V-8 (new)
· 5.4-liter, 4-valve MOD V-8 (new)
· All-New Transmissions:
· 4-speed automatic (new application)
Ford Escape I-4
· 5-speed TorqShift automatic (new)
Ford F-Series Super Duty
· 5-speed automatic (new application)
Ford Mustang V-6 and V-8
· 6-speed automatic (FWD Aisin AW)
Ford Five Hundred and Mercury Montego
· 6-speed automatic (RWD ZF)
· 6-speed manual (Ricardo)
· CVT (ZF)
Ford Freestyle, Five Hundred and Mercury Montego
· eCVT (Aisin AW)
Ford Escape Hybrid
· Electronic Throttle Control (all-new)
Ford Crown Victoria, Ford Escape Hybrid, Ford Expedition, Ford Five Hundred, Ford Freestyle, Ford F-150 V-6, Ford F-250 and F-350 (gas), Ford E-Series (gas), Ford Mustang, Lincoln Navigator, Mercury Montego, Mercury Grand Marquis, Lincoln Town Car
· Powertrain Control Modules (new/upgraded)
Ford Escape Hybrid, Ford Expedition, Ford E-Series (gas), Ford Explorer, Ford Focus, Ford Freestar, Ford Taurus, Ford Thunderbird, Ford F-150 V-6, Ford F-250 and F-350 (gas), Lincoln Navigator, Lincoln LS, Lincoln Town Car, Mercury Grand Marquis, Mercury Monterey, Mercury Mountaineer and Mercury Sable
· All-Wheel Drive (all-new)
Ford Freestyle, Ford Five Hundred, Mercury Montego
· PZEV Emissions
Ford Focus, Ford Escape Hybrid
New transmissions coming
In addition to 2005-model year actions, from 2003 to 2008, more than 60 percent of Ford’s transmissions in North America will be new, including the new TorqShift 5-speed, CVTs and 6-speed front-and rear-wheel-drive automatics.
The new transmissions will help lead to 4 percent to 8 percent gains in fuel efficiency over traditional 4-speed automatic transmissions.
“We believe six speeds and CVTs are the future,” said Szczupak. “They help to optimize power, smooth operation and improve fuel economy. Today less than one percent of all vehicles sold have 6-speed and CVT automatic transmissions. By 2010, up to 20 percent of vehicles in the U.S. will have 6-speeds and CVTs, and by 2015 it could be up to 50 percent.
“Just 25 years ago, the average American was driving a car with a 3-speed automatic, so the trend towards higher stepped-gear or infinitely variable automatic transmissions is a trend worth noting,” Szczupak continued.
These new transmissions use a compact, lightweight architecture and feature wider ratio spans than the transmissions they replace. This offers both better launch performance in lower speeds and better fuel economy at highway speeds.
“Typical automatic transmissions offer a relatively low ratio span - in the range of 3.5 to 4.0,” said Phil Yuhasz, chief engineer, Automatic Transmission Operations. “Our new 6-speed transmissions and our new continuously variable transmissions offer a ratio span of 6.0. We expect our new CVT to offer fuel economy improvements of up to 6 to 8 percent.”
All of Ford’s current transmissions also are being revised - a process that already is paying dividends. Customer satisfaction and the quality of Ford’s automatic transmissions are at their highest levels ever.
Later this summer, Ford will introduce the industry’s first no-compromise, full-hybrid SUV - the 2005 Ford Escape Hybrid - which is expected to deliver between 35 and 40 miles per gallon on city-cycle driving.
The new Escape Hybrid will deliver acceleration similar to the V-6 Ford Escape, as well as offer the cargo capacity of the base Escape. A full hybrid, the Escape Hybrid is able to run on either its gasoline engine and/or its electric motor, depending on driving conditions and will deliver its most efficient fuel performance in stop-and-go traffic.
Ford also is applying hybrid technology to vehicles powered by a hydrogen-powered internal-combustion engine (H2ICE) and to fuel-cell vehicles, such as:
Ford’s H2RV research vehicle: Based on the Ford Focus wagon, it generates almost zero emissions and outstanding fuel economy. The H2RV combines a supercharged 2.3-liter internal-combustion engine with a Modular Hybrid Transmission System. The MHTS is a full hybrid system using a single 300-volt electric motor, upgraded automatic transmission and modified hydraulics. Performance, durability and maintenance of the H2RV engine is comparable to that of a gasoline-powered vehicle.
The Ford Focus Fuel Cell Vehicle (FCV): The Focus FCV is the company’s most advanced environmental vehicle ever. It also is one of the industry’s first “hybridized fuel cell vehicles” - which combines the improved range and performance of hybrid technology with the overall benefits of a fuel cell. Fuel-cell vehicles convert chemical energy into electrical energy using hydrogen and oxygen. The electrical energy then powers the vehicle’s electric-drive motor, producing only water and heat as by-products. Together, the new battery pack, regenerative braking and a 5,000 psi storage tank help increase the driving range of the third generation Focus FCV to almost 200 miles.
Mass production of fuel cell vehicles is still at least a decade off - but Ford hydrogen internal-combustion engine (ICE) technology could be a bridge to a hydrogen-powered future.