No, epoxy won't hold the pressure. I had a similar problem on my Dodge Durango a couple months ago. The seal was shot. The tech attempted to heat it up so it could be bent and a new seal installed. However this wasn't the case with me. The line coming out of my compressor split into a 'Y', one line went to the front and one to the rear. The only way to fix this properly is to disconnect BOTH lines and install a FRONT AC line only. I asked if the line could be cut and an end cap put on, but again, the tech said it wouldn't handle the pressure for very long and by law, he couldn't do it.
I had a front A/C line installed for $125 plus a recharge of the system and it works GREAT. As it rarely gets above 30C or 85F in my area during peak summer weather, rear A/C isn't really needed. I've only used it 3 times in the 5 years I've owned the vehicle.
You'll have a feed line and a return line to the rear A/C. Generally it's the feed, or high pressure line that generally leaks. I don't recommend trying to clamp and epoxy an A/C leak as you can get in trouble for it. You could check with local state laws on the matter, but I'm certain if you try to temporarily fix your A/C line and recharge the system that it is against the law.
I also don't recommend charging the system with small cans of R134a that you can buy in store as you mentioned, unless you have a proper pressure gauge. Too much pressure can damage the system and cause leaks! If the pressure in the A/C system gets too low, the compressor will not run (so I've been told), as a safety measure.
Also, the green colour is mostly noticeable with a camera flash. I didn't notice any green colour up close under my Durango.