Re: XJ40 Idle Problem :-(
It is really hard to diagnose a car over the Internet. You could have any
number of problems that can cause this. Basic engine knowledge leads me to
believe that you are having a problem with timing/fuel detonation. The
engine is shuddering at all speeds and in neutral at an idle. This is
usually an indicator that the petrol is being detonated at the wrong time --
thus the rough operation.
My first thought is the Throttle Position Sensor. The TPS or Throttle
Potentiometer eventually wears out as it ages and is a common cause of vague
and erratic drivability problems, such as hesitation and flat-spots during
acceleration. The TPS is located on the end of the throttle shaft on the
bottom section of the throttle body. It sends an output voltage to the
computer and will alter the amount of petrol delivered to the injectors
based upon the position of the valve angle. A bad or broken sensor will
send erratic signals to the computer making the engine think that the
throttle is moving and thus making the operation of idle totally
unstable -- as it sounds in your case.
My second thought is that the CPS (Crankshaft Position Sensor) is on it's
way out. This is a common malady and can throw the firing of the engine off
terribly. Usually, the engine just cuts out intermittently when the CPS is
going, but it has been known to create other symptoms. If the CPS is
throwing erratic signal to the ignition computer than it will fire at odd
times -- thus the strange operation.
Another possible problem area would be the Mass Air Flow Meter. This is the
large box with the electronics on it that is in the air flow stream to the
engine. These needed to be cleaned and adjusted periodically. If yours has
become dirty than it can give erratic signals and cause the engine to
"Windy Dyck" <email@example.com> wrote in message
> I have 1991 XJ40 Sovereign (3.2) which was fine a couple of days ago...
> when parked up, say at lights, box in drive and foot on the brake, the car
> is shuddering quite a bit. I mean, so much that I feel sick believe it or
> not. It's quite intense but this also happens in Neutral too. I noticed
> something on the motorway today too. I was just about to hit 100 and there
> was a bit of knocking and it decided it wasn't too keen on a smooth
> acceleration for some reason.
> Anybody have any ideas?
> thanks in advance.