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Discussion Starter #1
By AutoWeek
(Photo's by AutoWeek)



 Ford to drive all-new, fuel-efficient Escape Hybrid through a "commuter’s nightmare" to see how many miles of Manhattan traffic it can cover on a single tank of gas.
 Clean-operating Ford Escape Hybrid produces near zero smog-forming emissions.

NEW YORK, April 5, 2004 – "It’s a commuter’s nightmare." That’s the way Mary Ann Wright describes the extreme driving test that begins today for the all-new Ford Escape Hybrid. Starting in midtown Manhattan during the morning rush-hour, the Escape Hybrid will be driven up, down and across the island over some of America’s most congested streets and avenues. Chief engineer for the Ford Escape Hybrid, Wright won’t stop the test until the small SUV’s gas tank is completely dry. That may take 36 hours or more of non-stop driving.

"We’ve designed ‘Manhattan on a Tank of Gas’ to see how many miles an Escape Hybrid can be driven on a single tank of gas in some of the worst conditions for fuel efficiency most drivers would ever face," says Wright.

Ford Escape Hybrid is the world’s cleanest and most fuel-efficient sport utility. Available at the end of this summer, it combines the fuel economy and emissions benefits of a "full" hybrid with the go-anywhere capability, toughness and spaciousness of the Ford Escape, America’s favorite small SUV. Escape Hybrid is the first hybrid electric vehicle that can comfortably accommodate five adults and their gear. "No-compromise utility separates Escape Hybrid from other ‘green’ vehicles," Wright says.

"Escape Hybrid can provide an economical solution to a problem commuters face every day – bumper-to-bumper gridlock that can bleed a normal car’s fuel tank dry," she says. "At the same time, Ford Escape Hybrid is a practical and livable environmental solution to help address air quality problems in our cities, as well as the global warming issue."

Making the epic Manhattan drive particularly impressive is the fact that the Escape Hybrid’s gas tank holds just 15 gallons of fuel.

"Other vehicles might start out with more fuel but they will go through it a lot more quickly," Wright says.

An SUV that Excels in the City

The 2005 Ford Escape Hybrid is expected to be rated at between 35-40 mpg on the EPA city cycle – an improvement of at least 75 percent over the EPA city fuel economy rating of 20 mpg for the conventional V-6-powered Ford Escape, the best-selling small SUV in America. Escape Hybrid’s fuel-efficient four-cylinder engine combines with an electric drive system to deliver acceleration performance similar to that of the V-6 Escape.

While a conventionally powered vehicle burns fuel and creates emissions while idling at a red light or bogged down in stopped traffic, the Escape Hybrid’s engine shuts down at rest to conserve fuel. When the light turns green or traffic moves forward, Escape Hybrid’s 70-kilowatt traction motor generator can launch the vehicle on clean electric power. When needed, the generator can smoothly start the gasoline engine in less than 400 milliseconds, without the increased emissions produced in starting up a conventional engine. Escape Hybrid also conserves energy in stop-and-go driving by reclaiming energy during braking to charge its hybrid storage battery to be used later during acceleration.

"Near Zero" Tailpipe Emissions

Escape Hybrid is an extremely clean vehicle to operate, producing 97 percent less hydrocarbon and oxides of nitrogen emissions than vehicles that meet today’s nationwide Tier I emissions standard. That’s clean enough to qualify the 2005 Escape Hybrid for the stringent Advanced Technology Partial Zero Emissions Vehicle (AT-PZEV) standards.

Escape Hybrid achieves the AT-PZEV standards by combining an efficient powertrain with an exhaust catalyst system that is very effective at lowering smog-forming emissions.

Indeed, the Ford Escape Hybrid is as environmentally friendly as a vehicle that runs solely on electric power. That’s because a battery-electric vehicle needs to be plugged in to be recharged, and that electricity must be generated by a power plant, creating some smog-forming emissions. The Escape Hybrid, on the other hand, never needs to be plugged in. Its battery is continually recharged by an ingenious system that reclaims energy when the brakes are applied.

The Escape Hybrid also produces as little as half the amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) – a harmless gas in terms of ground-level air quality but a primary "greenhouse gas" when it drifts into the Earth’s upper atmosphere. An accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is widely believed to be producing a global warming effect. CO2 and water vapor are produced in the clean combustion of any type of carbon-based fuel, so the only effective way to reduce a vehicle’s CO2 emissions is to reduce the amount of fuel consumed. Fuel-efficient hybrid-electric vehicles can substantially reduce CO2 emissions.

Ford Motor Company and other automakers are working on long-term research projects to someday make practical hydrogen-powered vehicles that will not produce any greenhouse emissions. In addition to the Escape Hybrid, PZEV Focus and Focus Diesel being produced today, Ford has developed a Focus hydrogen internal combustion engine (H2ICE), a hydrogen hybrid research vehicle (H2RV) and a Focus Fuel Cell Vehicle (FCV) that is operating in demonstration fleets in the U.S. and Canada. Ford is the only automaker with such a full-range of production vehicles and research efforts intended to move society to a hydrogen-powered future.

7,859 Posts
Discussion Starter #2


 A tribute to 40 years of performance, Mustang GT-R concept celebrates famous "Yellow Mustangs," features 440-horsepower "Cammer" crate engine and athletic handling
 Retains 85 percent of 2005 Mustang’s body components and reinforced versions of the race-inspired suspension designs.
 Nearly ready for a variety of race series, or could be offered to weekend warriors as an affordable, factory-supplied race package.

NEW YORK, April 7, 2004 – The muscular Ford Mustang GT-R rekindles the legend’s road racing glory and the magic of 5.0-liter Mustangs in a stunning racing concept making its world debut today. The Mustang GT-R signals a potential future race car, while honoring four decades of performance glory just days before Mustang’s 40th anniversary.

"The Mustang GT-R blends today’s breathtaking design, Ford Racing’s unmatched history and the most advanced racing technology into the ultimate Mustang," says J Mays, Ford group vice president, design. "Mustang’s iconic image grew with every checkered flag so we think the Mustang GT-R is an appropriate tribute to the car’s 40th anniversary, and a hint at what’s to come."

The bright Valencia Orange car – inspired by the famous Grabber Orange 1970 Mustang Boss 302 Trans-Am race cars (the Yellow Mustangs) piloted by race legends, including Parnelli Jones – is a technological showcase that, when peeled back, reveals a number of existing or production-feasible racing parts.

"The Mustang GT-R shows that Ford is back in road racing in a serious way," says Jim O’Connor, Ford group vice president, North America marketing, sales and service.
The Mustang GT-R features Ford Racing’s 440-horsepower "Cammer" crate engine that already is affordably available to grassroots racers, and can be tuned to produce more than 500 horsepower under certain race series rules. Last year, a tuned 505-horsepower version of the "Cammer" notched world-class performance and endurance credentials by powering a Focus Daytona Prototype to victory at the 24 Hours of Daytona race.

The racecar is engineered to tackle the world’s toughest road and street courses with a stiff structure – based on the all-new 2005 Mustang scheduled for sale this fall – a collection of the most sophisticated racing parts from many racing series and a Formula One-inspired steering wheel. However, the Mustang GT-R could be easily transformed into an affordable, competitive option for grassroots teams because it uses 85 percent of the 2005 Mustang’s body components along with the same suspension setups and the already-attainable "Cammer" powerplant.

"The GT-R is the Mustang racers would build if they weren’t bound by various road racing rules," says Dan Davis. "We were fortunate to start with a rigid, well-balanced production Mustang that was proven on the track by some of the same people who, in previous jobs, helped Ford Racing win on Sundays.

"The Mustang GT-R could be adapted to conform to different series and budgets but, in this variation, serves as a dream machine. We took the ‘Cammer’ engine from the Ford Racing catalog and built a race car around it with the best parts we’ve researched and tested through our unmatched global racing program," Davis says.

While conceptual in spirit, the Mustang GT-R is built by racers and is a capable performer with an eye on stepping up Mustang’s road-racing presence. Several racing series – American LeMans, SCCA Trans-Am, GrandAm Cup and the FIA – could easily accommodate the Mustang GT-R. For example, the car could meet some series rules with basic modifications to the brakes, wheels, tires and body parts.

The Mustang GT-R also hints at a turnkey grassroots-racing package that could be retailed through Ford Racing’s parts’ catalog and distribution network.

Engine Dressing

Doug Gaffka’s – design director, Ford Performance Group – design inspiration for the Mustang GT-R was simple: Flex the 2005 Mustang shell to wrap the engine and retain 85 percent of the production car’s solid structure.

"We decided that when a car as good as the 2005 Mustang comes along, we don't need to look much further for a pure race car," he says, noting that the Mustang's shell would be dressing for the engine and roll cage.

The carbon fiber hood instantly communicates the car’s performance – its large engine bulge and unfinished surface harken back to the famous yellow, black-hooded Mustangs.

The front end is a further evolution of the Mustang GT coupe and convertible concepts that stole the 2003 North American International Auto Show and foreshadowed the design of the 2005 Mustang. The Mustang GT-R features the classic pony in the grille, surrounded by modern materials like carbon fiber as well as advanced aerodynamic treatments like ground-hugging front and side splitters.

Accentuated by huge front fender flares that accommodate the racing suspension, the sides of the Mustang GT-R have 20-inch wheels, racing slicks and substantial air scoops. The equally large rear fenders house tires that are an inch wider. Considering how quickly 18- and 19-inch tires became standard racing ware in recent years, these tires are a realistic forecast of the next evolution in racing rubber. Dual stainless steel exhaust tips -- jutting out of the rear body panel just above the rocker panel on both sides in front of the tires – add an intimidating look to the rear of the car.

The classic Mustang rear quarter windows are blocked out to accommodate the fuel delivery "dry-brake" system on the driver’s side. The doors are fully functional as required by many of the possible racing classes.

The prominent GT-R logo is placed above the front fender and is flanked by the honorary "Mustang" and "40th Anniversary" words. This logo is repeated on the rear.
Probably the most striking design element, the prominent composite rear spoiler meets several road racing sanctioning body rules.

The rear fascia, like the front, is a further expression of the GT concept design, with a wider taillamp execution. Endurance racers will instantly recognize the differential cooler mounted with an aluminum grille screen between the taillamps.

Inside, the instrument panel preserves the dramatic styling of the 2005 Mustang in a carbon fiber application for racing. In anticipation of another trend, designers chose a Formula One-style steering wheel with most vehicle controls and gauges integrated, including the tachometer, gear selections, telemetry and warning signals. Only the oil pressure and water temperature gauges are located on the instrument panel.

"Most racers cobble together interiors," says Gaffka. "The Formula One-style steering wheel significantly reduces dash gauges to help preserve Mustang’s powerful instrument panel, which is the next evolution of our interior design leadership."

The passenger side houses seat mount tracks for a second seat, if needed, for would-be thrill seekers seeking first-hand Mustang GT-R’s performance experience. The chrome-moly roll cage is attached to all significant points in the body structure, adding significant rigidity to an already stiff body.

The Mustang GT-R’s body retains 85 percent of the production car’s body components that were stiffened by 30 percent as part of the Mustang’s first full makeover ever. The only modifications include rear-mounted battery pods and a fuel cell relocated to the rear trunk.

Built at Saleen Special Vehicles in Troy, Mich., the car was developed by the same members of the Ford GT "Dream Team" who are building sub-assemblies and painting body panels for Ford’s first supercar.

The "Five Liter" Is Back

The foundation for the Mustang GT-R's race-prepared 440-horsepower engine is the new 5.0-liter "Cammer" crate engine from Ford Racing Performance Parts. The engine is rooted in the MOD 4.6-liter four-valve V-8 engine family. However, the motor's flanged cylinder liners help provide 94mm (instead of 90.2mm) cylinder bores, creating a full 5.0 liters of piston displacement.

And while the motor employs the SVT Mustang Cobra’s forged crankshaft with six-bolt mains and Manley "H-Beam" connecting rods for superior strength, the high-strength Ford Racing block features design reinforcements and a revised material for added strength and high-output durability. The block is specially reinforced in the crankcase web areas for high torque loads.

Other key differences include forged pistons, an 11.0:1 compression ratio, ported heads, higher-lift cams and beehive-shaped valve springs. The crate engine also features higher-flow fuel injectors and a magnesium, variable-geometry intake manifold.
The 5.0-liter "Cammer" engine comes with a custom oil pan and features custom-fabricated Tri-Y headers and crossover.

Helping put the power to the ground is the Ford Racing-supplied TTC T-56 six-speed transmission linked to the engine through a heavy-duty clutch and flywheel assembly. Power exits the transmission through a custom metal matrix composite aluminum driveshaft into a race-specification differential with a 4.56:1 final drive ratio.

The "Cammer" was introduced at the Specialty Equipment Manufacturers Association show in 2002. The engine in the GT-R is identical to the crate engine, with the exception of camshaft timing, which was modified to produce more high-end horsepower for track use.

Proven Race Chassis

The Mustang GT-R benefits from the 2005 Mustang’s race-inspired chassis, developed and tuned by engineers with Ford Racing engineering experience or a passion for weekend track time. The Mustang’s race-bred suspensions, near 50-50 weight distribution and ultra-stiff body structure, are just the beginning of Mustang GT-R’s credentials.

"The GT-R is the ultimate expression of the Mustang platform," says Hau Thai-Tang, 2005 Mustang chief nameplate engineer. "Mustang spans more of the market than almost any other car – from an under-$20,000 V-6 to a race-ready car in the $40,000 range. The Mustang GT-R shows how we can expand that unmatched reach with the all-new platform."

Track time – at drag strips and on road courses – was a critical part of the 2005 Mustang’s development, as chassis engineers pushed prototypes to the limit in search of the perfect power-and-handling blend.

"We spent countless hours refining this car on development drives and at the track," says Mark Rushbrook, 2005 Mustang vehicle development manager. "The car has been to the Nelson Ledges road course in Ohio several times for 24-hour runs and has spent months on Ford's straightaways and handling courses at our proving grounds in Arizona, Michigan and Florida."

Soon after the 2005 Mustang’s world reveal in January, race engineers quickly began building on its solid foundation. The Mustang GT-R concept's chassis was fully stripped down to the body shell to receive custom reinforcement and structural improvements for driver safety on the racetrack. A roll cage was added, along with a Sparco-brand racing seat with a five-point safety harness.

The production suspension geometry is retained, but key parts were replaced to reduce weight or provide additional strength for the rigors of racing. Suspension pieces, including the K-member, are made of lightweight chrome-moly tubing. The race-proven dampers are coil-over, fully adjustable units featuring remote reservoirs. A strut tower brace increases structural rigidity.

Rounding out the chassis package are huge, race-proven Brembo brakes. The front features 14.3-inch rotors with six-piston calipers; the rear has 13-inch rotors with four-piston calipers. Linking the whole package to the racetrack are 20-inch wheels and racing slicks provided by Pirelli. Tire sizes range from 275/35 in front to 305/30 in the rear.

The Mustang GT-R is engineered with modern aerodynamics principles, including a massive front airflow opening and carbon-fiber belly pans that reduce underbody air turbulence.

Concept to Reality

Although the Mustang GT-R is a concept, the car was engineered to perform at racing speeds with parts currently available to weekend racers through the 2004 Ford Racing catalog.

The 5.0-liter EFI "Cammer" crate engine, including the wiring harness kit, will sell for an MSRP of $14,995. The "Cammer" engine takes the guesswork out of installation projects by offering a choice of several length 5.0-liter, 4-valve modular wiring harness kits created specifically to cover the most popular engine swap configurations.
What’s more, harness kits – which include the powertrain control module (PCM) – provide all the necessary electrical connectors, including end terminals, a fuse box, a power distribution box, as well as switch connectors and fuel pump relays.
The roll cage, rear spoiler and some chassis components are all being considered for further development.

Solid Foundation

The Mustang GT-R enjoys the strong bloodlines of the 2005 Ford Mustang that was introduced in January as the first Mustang ever with its own dedicated platform. The new platform is six inches longer, 30 percent stiffer and features a sophisticated solid rear axle.
Working on a clean sheet of paper, Mustang’s engineering team could have selected any type of setup at the rear, including an independent suspension. So why choose a solid rear axle? The answer lies in Mustang’s position as America’s muscle car.

"We talked to a lot of Mustang owners and racers when we were developing this program," says Thai-Tang. "They are a very passionate group, and a lot of them told us – very strongly – that the all-new Mustang must have a solid rear axle because of its combination of performance and modification flexibility."

The new-from-the-ground-up chassis and careful attention to vehicle dynamics give the all-new Mustang world-class ride and handling. With this ultra-rigid structure, Mustang engineers could tune spring, damping and bushing rates to a finer degree than ever possible.

This unrivaled driving excitement will continue to come at an attainable price. The base V-6 model will remain the best rear-wheel-drive car for under $20,000; the Mustang GT will be the most affordable 300-horsepower performance car in the market.
Ford and legions of worldwide fans will celebrate Mustang’s 40th anniversary April 17, 2004, in Nashville, Tenn., at a birthday party hosted by the Mustang Club of America.

The 2005 Mustang will hit showrooms in the fall of 2004. It will be built at the AutoAlliance International assembly facility in Flat Rock, Mich., just miles from its current home at the Dearborn Assembly Plant on the Rouge River.

Pricing will be announced closer to launch.


Body/Lightweight RPS body panels with carbon fiber hood, aero devices, instrument panel, interior door panels and floor heal pads

Engine – Ford Racing 5.0L "Cammer" V8
Configuration/V-8, aluminum block, aluminum four-valve cylinder heads, forged aluminum pistons
Bore x Stroke/94 mm bore x 90.0 mm stroke
Displacement/5.0 liters (302 cu in/4995 cc)
Compression ratio/11.0:1
Horsepower/440 @ 7000 rpm
Torque/400 lb-ft @ 5500 rpm
Redline/7,000 rpm
Valvetrain/Double overhead camshafts, four valves per cylinder
Intake valves/Two per cylinder, 38 mm
Exhaust valves/Two per cylinder, 32 mm
Throttle body/Twin 57 mm
Transmission/Ford Racing/Tremec T-56 6-speed
Rear axle Winters/Ford 9-inch design
Gear ratios
1st /2.97
Final drive/4.56:1

Differential/ Winter's race-spec rear differential
Clutch/Ford Racing "Cobra R" heavy-duty clutch/flywheel assembly
Driveshaft/Metal matrix composite aluminum custom driveshaft
Exhaust/Complete stainless steel race exhaust with Tri-Y design headers, crossover and side exit tips
Chassis and Suspension/Chassis Fully reinforced fabrication
Suspension/Original production geometry with lightweight chrome-moly tube (aircraft quality) construction
Front/Reverse-L independent rigid strut tower brace with lightweight chrome-moly K-member and race-spec anti-sway bar with 1.25-inch box section
Rear/Three-link, solid axle with dynamic, fully adjustable shocks with remote reservoirs and coil-over springs, race-spec 1.25-inch panhard rod, and race-spec anti-sway bar
Front/Brembo Racing 6-piston calipers and 14.3-inch rotors, 1.25-inch thickness
Rear/Brembo Racing 4-piston calipers and 13-inch rotors, 1.25-inch thickness
Wheels & Tires
Front/Pirelli P275/35/20 racing slicks
20 x 10-inch, 5-spoke billet aluminum wheels
Rear/Pirelli P315/30/20 racing slicks
20 x 11-inch, 5-spoke billet aluminum wheels

7,859 Posts
Discussion Starter #3




"We haven't built this car for work, but for luxurious entertaining on those long, late nights out." Ian Callum, Director of Design, Jaguar Cars

The launch of the new 2005 Long Wheelbase Jaguar XJ sedans marks not just the return of the seminal luxury British car but also an opportunity for Jaguar's Advanced Design Studio to use the most spacious vehicle the company has ever built as the base for an intriguing design program - the Jaguar Concept Eight. This sumptuous luxury sedan blends the best in contemporary British creativity with the ultimate in automotive engineering to offer a compelling glimpse of future Jaguars.

The Concept Eight has been designed to reflect the unique position that Jaguar holds in the luxury car market. Developed from the new 2005 Long Wheelbase XJ sedan, it has been extensively reworked beneath its broad, single-piece, glass roof to produce a luxury concept car that is understated and tasteful, yet powerful, exciting and undeniably glamorous. Making the most of Jaguar's new XJ Long Wheelbase structure - with the longest wheelbase in its class - the Concept Eight introduces new luxury elements, new in-car entertainment technology, and new interior and exterior styling cues.

British design is acknowledged to be world-leading in areas as diverse as fashion and architecture, interiors and furniture making. The Jaguar Concept Eight reflects Britain's standing in world design by using the most contemporary materials and trim to create an environment that is unlike any other luxury sedan. You won't find lap-top computers, satellite uplinks and plasma screens inside the Concept Eight, but what you will enter is a world of inch-deep handmade carpets, chilled champagne, Waterford crystal and even essential oils to allow you to sit back, relax and enjoy the ride.

"The Concept Eight is not about cramming in half an hour's work on the way to and from the airport," says Julian Thomson, Chief of Advanced Design, Jaguar Cars. "It is a car that exudes British good taste and calmness. It has a very relaxed but contemporary feel about it. Jaguar is not an 'all work and no play' company and the Concept Eight reflects that. When you ride in it you should get the same feeling of well-being that you would enjoy if you stayed in a boutique hotel.

"One of the biggest luxuries of 21st century living is to preserve one's own time and space - this is what the Concept Eight is meant to provide. This car is all about travelling in style to a movie premiere or a party. It is about having quality time… and fun."


"We now have a car with more space in it than any Jaguar ever built, so we thought we'd have a bit of fun and conceptualize something that was about space and luxury and pampering."
Ian Callum, Director of Design, Jaguar Cars
"The materials we are using, the way we have reshaped the interior, the atmosphere we are trying to create - these are all pointers to how Jaguars should look and feel."
Julian Thomson, Chief of Advanced Design, Jaguar Cars

Ian Callum's design department went through a long period of discussion and debate before work began on the Concept Eight. A great many ideas were discussed and discarded before the creative team settled on two key themes - comfort and indulgence. The large, sculptured individual rear seats are perhaps the best example of that indulgence, for they represent a move away from a conventional bench-type seat. Ian Callum explains the significance:

"You could describe the Concept Eight as quite a selfish car. Just look at those rear seats. They've been split so that you can only carry two people… but they will be looked after very well."

The Jaguar Concept Eight's exterior appearance has also been given considerable thought - and nowhere is that more apparent than its roof. The lightweight aluminum skin that stretches across the car's upper surface has been replaced with a single, full-length piece of darkened glass to provide an even greater feeling of spaciousness within. Around the edges of the glass panel a strip of LED lighting provides an ambient red glow that equates with the mood lighting that you might find in a modern apartment, lounge bar or night club.

"That warm red glow will be visible from the roof as well as from the center console and under the front seats," explains Ian Callum. "This sort of effect is something I would love to use on production cars in the future. The way people have employed these lighting techniques in other modern venues - uplighting, diffused lighting and so on - that is something we will have in our cars. And why red? Because it is a bit cheeky…"

Other exterior developments on the Concept Eight include brand new 21-inch five-spoke alloy wheels created especially for the project. Behind the front wheels sit new chrome gills which improve aerodynamic flow to the rear of the car and also act as efficient heat extractors to ensure ultimate engine performance. New chrome tailpipe finishers give the Concept Eight a purposeful appearance from the rear, while a one-off metallic paint color, Purple Haze - a blend of lush cherry and deep black - will show hints of both colors under changing light conditions.


"The Concept Eight reflects a modern attitude towards glamour. no dress code is required to enjoy the back of this car, just an appreciation of contemporary design, a need for atmosphere and a love of the unexpected."
Mark Phillips, Principal Designer, Jaguar Concept Eight

Seen from any angle the Concept Eight's interior is as tasteful and welcoming as it is possible to be. Under the creative vision of Principal Designer Mark Phillips and Colour and Materials Designer Siobhán Hughes, the cabin of this long wheelbase concept car has become a place of contemporary luxury and warmth.

"The biggest change is the rear seats," explains Chief of Advanced Design, Julian Thomson. "They are very simple forms, very confident, like pieces of furniture. By splitting them we have tried to generate an ever greater appreciation of the space and comfort you get in the back of a long wheelbase XJ."

Between the rear seats runs a center console that extends all the way to the front of the cabin - an evolution of a similar design first seen in the Jaguar R Coupe concept car. This clean, sweeping section is covered with a well-recognized wood veneer - American walnut. But unlike existing Jaguar interiors, the Concept Eight's walnut trim has a matt finish. Warm and smooth to the touch, it is a 21st century spin that Ian Callum says indicates how future Jaguars could both look and feel.

"People expect wood and leather to be part of the Jaguar culture," says Callum, "and that is what we are using - but not in the way that people might expect. The wood capping that runs right throughout the Concept Eight has a very contemporary matt finish. It's very pure and almost blatant in its use, but not overly stylized."

The power-adjustable, reclining rear lounge seats are wrapped in aniline leather - as is the upper instrument panel - demonstrating all the natural markings inherent in a raw material. The lower instrument panel, console, and lower door casings are all trimmed in nubuck, a soft leather that has been gently buffed on the grain side to give a velvety surface. Conker, the dominant rich, brown color takes its name from the seed of the Horse Chestnut tree that is indigenous to the British Isles. Jonathan Connolly is the sole provider of the Conker leather, providing a rich textural mix with accents provided by chrome gloss and aluminium. The combined effect is one of warmth, comfort and sophistication. To further create a feeling of space and light, an ivory-colored leather covers the roof pillars and head-lining.

The final new material used in the Concept Eight is the remarkable pile carpet. Handmade by craftsmen in Chelsea Harbour, London, its inch-deep Ivory Grey wool is designed to be as soft and inviting under foot as a favorite rug or throw.

It's not just materials that give its interior such a sense of modernity and luxury - the Jaguar Concept Eight also contains hidden extras designed to surprise and delight. Built into the center console is a refrigerated compartment that holds a chilled bottle of Mumm champagne and two specially designed Waterford Crystal glasses in an aluminum holder. To cater for the unique design of the glasses - they are champagne flutes without bases - a tailor-made drawer is built in ahead of the refrigerator in which to stand them without spilling a drop. The pampering continues inside two cabinets hidden in the rear of the front seats, which contain luxury items such as essential oils and perfumes, a digital camera for recording the highlights of your evening and even a writing set.

The ambience of the Concept Eight would not be complete without a peerless sound system. This has been provided in the shape of a dramatic new Alpine system created exclusively for the car. The spectacular 860W concept system employs 14 speakers to recreate sound precisely as the artist intended. The latest speaker and amplifier technologies have also been incorporated to create this no-expense-spared installation that takes sound reproduction to new heights.

The two-way front speaker set-up is complemented by a center fill speaker located in the middle of the dash. The rear compartment has also been extensively remodelled to incorporate additional mid speakers in the rear shelf while increased diameter subwoofers provide a stirring deep bass sensation. The Jaguar's rear doors also feature the latest Alpine DDLinear drivers and soft dome tweeters. As featured on current Alpine Jaguar Premium Sound Systems, time alignment means all occupants receive the sounds at precisely the right moment, wherever they are seated.

Speaking about the system, Alpine's Business Development Manager Nick Bailey said: "Collaborating on the Concept Eight has been a great privilege and has allowed us to showcase some of our latest technologies. Our team of designers and engineers is extremely proud to have been approached by Jaguar to create a system to complement such an incredible car."


The Jaguar Concept Eight shares the same 3159mm (124.4in) wheelbase as the New XJ Long Wheelbase - 125mm (5in) longer than the standard wheelbase XJ models. But despite that extra length the driver and passengers will sacrifice nothing in terms of the class-leading dynamics and technologies found across the XJ range. Its ground-breaking aluminum chassis and bodyshell means that its straight line performance and handling are not compromised, while the Concept Eight's use of the 390bhp (SAE) 4.2-liter supercharged AJ V8 engine guarantees that renowned blend of crushing acceleration and effortless cruising.

The supercharged V8 achieves maximum horsepower of 390bhp (SAE) at 6100rpm, a 33 percent increase over the normally aspirated variant. At least 86 percent of peak torque is available from 2000rpm to a peak of 399lb ft (SAE) at 3500rpm.

Internally, this engine features forged, oil-cooled pistons, high fin-density intercoolers, and a tailor-made twin fuel pump system, all of which are fitted to cope with the increased output of the forced induction version of the 4.2-liter V8. The mechanically driven Eaton supercharger has excellent boost characteristics and, combined with twin intercoolers, produces outstanding performance under all driving conditions.

Despite its extra length over the standard wheelbase XJ, the Concept Eight weighs hardly any more than the shorter Jaguar sedan and also benefits from re-engineered and lowered suspension to give it added visual and dynamic impact. And don't forget that in standard form the new XJ is nearly 200lbs lighter than its nearest rival and as much as 610lbs lighter than the equivalent model from one German manufacturer.

Cylinders/valves per cylinder 8/4
Bore/stroke – in.-3.39/3.56
Displacement – l./4.2
Maximum power – SAE bhp 390 @ 6000rpm
Maximum torque – SAE lb ft 399 @ 3500rpm
Compression ratio/9:1
Transmission/6-speed automatic
Acceleration 0-60mph – sec 5.0
Top speed - mph 155 (limited)
 Alpine 8.2 Multimedia System featuring headrest-mounted LCD screens with DVD system, 14 speakers, 860W amplifier with Dolby Digital, Dolby Pro Logic II and DTS
 Champagne cooler with Mumm champagne integrated into center console
 Champagne flute glasses designed by Waterford Crystal
 Handmade deep pile carpet by Top Floor UK, Chelsea Harbour, London
 Super-bright LED ambient interior lighting
 Full-length glass roof
 21-inch alloy wheels

7,859 Posts
Discussion Starter #4



Unveiled at the 2004 New York International Auto Show and on sale from September, Jaguar is proud to introduce the new 2005 Model Year version of its XJ sedan. Already renowned as one of the most advanced cars on the road today thanks to its aluminum-intensive monocoque riv-bonded construction, the 05' XJ adopts a new long wheelbase format for the North American market and a new range line up offering all the luxury, craftsmanship and thrilling driving dynamics expected of the revered British marque.

The 2005 Model Year XJ range will expand from three to five distinct model derivatives with two standard wheelbase models continuing from the 2004 range, launched in 2003. The flagship Super V8 model returns to the XJ line up after two years away offering unique luxury and craftsmanship features combined with the mighty 390bhp supercharged powertrain – Jaguar's ultimate luxury/performance "stealth" car.


•A full size Jaguar flagship sedan with agile handling
•Just 44lbs weight increase over standard wheelbase models
•Best-in-class rear leg room
*Best-in-class rear headroom
•Wheelbase and overall length both extended by 5inches, and height increased by 0.28in. - to give the longest wheelbase and body in the segment
•Longest wheelbase and overall length in class deliver exceptional interior space, while still being compact enough for everyday drivability
•A choice of rear seating configurations, from fixed bench to power adjustable bench.
•Longer rear doors further improve accessibility to larger rear passenger space
•Comprehensive range of comfort and equipment options - including folding Business Tray work-tables, four-zone climate control with individual rear passenger settings, Multimedia Entertainment system with twin display screens, DVD player and universal connectivity compatible with iPod, MP3, etc.
•The ultimate in XJ refinement, smoother and quieter than ever
•Uncompromised XJ style with prestige and presence, thanks to subtle changes in proportion and detail, including new grille treatments and new, larger diameter wheel designs
•All the advantages of the XJ’s unique, technically advanced, aluminum alloy monocoque body shell construction
•Brilliant performance engineering reveals a light, strong, fast, one-of-a-kind driving experience
•A choice of engines - naturally aspirated 4.2-liter petrol V8, and Jaguar’s high performance supercharged 4.2-liter V8
•All models feature Jaguar’s six-speed ZF automatic transmission as standard
•SAE power outputs range from the 294bhp of the naturally aspirated V8, to the 390bhp of the supercharged 4.2-liter V8. Peak SAE torque figures range from 303lb ft. to the supercharged 4.2’s huge 399lb ft.
•Minimal weight increase, of only 44lb means performance is virtually unchanged from the standard wheelbase XJ sedans.
•Negligible increase in fuel economy over SWB models
•The same controlled ride comfort, the same composed handling, the same communicative steering as the standard wheelbase XJ sedan - the long wheelbase XJ remains a real Jaguar driver’s car

THE RANGE: SWB (Standard Wheelbase) LWB (Long Wheelbase)

XJ8 (SWB)4.2-liter V8 6-speed automatic 294bhp Normally Aspirated
XJ8L (LWB)4.2-liter V8 6-speed automatic 294bhp Normally Aspirated
Vanden Plas (LWB) 4.2-liter V8 6-speed automatic 294bhp Normally Aspirated
XJR (SWB)4.2-liter V8 6-speed automatic 390bhp Supercharged
Super V8 (LWB)4.2-liter V8 6-Speed automatic 390bhp Supercharged

 XJ8 standard wheelbase continues as the entry point to the 2005MY XJ range
 4.2-liter, 294bhp AJ-V8
 Six-speed ZF automatic transmission
 4-channel anti-lock brakes with Emergency Brake Assist
 Traction control with Dynamic Stability Control
 CATS adaptive damping
 Power-adjustable foot pedals with memory
 Power moonroof
 Leather seating surfaces
 12-way power driver and front passenger seats
 Burl walnut veneer
 For 2005 adopts standard 18-inch diameter x 8-inch wide 'Dynamic' alloy wheels
 Reverse Park Control
 Wood/leather steering wheel
 Dual zone automatic climate control with filtration
 Side curtain airbags, front side airbags, front airbags
 140 watt eight-speaker audio with FM/AM/single-slot CD

XJ8L (features in addition to XJ8 SWB)
 With a new 124.4 inch wheelbase and 205.3 inch overall length, it is the longest Jaguar ever built
 Best-in-class rear legroom
 Best-in-class rear headroom
 Innovative aluminum-intensive lightweight monocoque body
 XJ8L is 7.9 inches longer than a Lexus LS430, providing 5.8 inches more rear legroom, yet weighs approximately 150 pounds less.
 Best-in-class fuel economy thanks to light weight and six-speed transmission

VANDEN PLAS (features in addition to XJ8L)
 Twin-stitched trimmed dashtop
 Unique 18-inch diameter x 8-inch wide 'Rapier' wheel style
 Bright mirror caps
 Bright tail lamp bezels
 Power-fold exterior mirrors
 Electric rear sunblind
 16-way front seats
 Soft-grain leather interior, contrast seat piping with ruched leather
 Lambswool footwell rugs
 Walnut burl veneers with hand-inlaid Peruvian boxwood
 3-stage heated front & rear seats and heated steering wheel
 320-watt Alpine premium sound system with 6-CD changer
 Rear fold down Business Trays

XJR (SWB) (features in addition to XJ8)
 Supercharged 4.2-liter 390 bhp AJ-V8
 R Performance tuned CATS suspension
 Brembo® brakes with 4-piston calipers
 Radar-based Adaptive Cruise Control
 19-inch diameter x 8.5-inch wide ‘Performance’ alloy wheels, Z-rated tires
 R Performance 16-way front sports seats with perforated leather inserts
 Power folding door mirrors
 Electric rear sunblind
 R Performance leather and chrome shift knob
 Heated wood/ leather steering wheel
 3-stage heated front and rear seats
 Alpine 320 watt premium sound system with FM/AM/single-slot/6-CD auto changer

SUPER V8 (features in addition to Vanden Plas)
 390-bhp supercharged engine
 Brembo® disc brakes
 19-inch diameter x 9-inch wide 'Custom' alloy wheels, Z-rated tires
 Bright mesh grille insert
 Radar Adaptive Cruise Control
 DVD touch-screen Navigation system
 DVD rear Multimedia Entertainment system with twin rear display screens
 Front Park Control
 4-zone climate control system with manual side sunblinds
 Electrically adjustable rear bench seat; rear control of front passenger seat
 Offers supercharged performance with no "Gas Guzzler Tax" due to strong yet lightweight aluminum body construction.


In a world debut at the New York Auto, new long wheelbase versions of the flagship XJ sedan return to the Jaguar range. They share with the latest generation of the standard wheelbase XJ, all the benefits of advanced aluminum-intensive construction, light weight, massive body strength, comprehensive safety features, refined performance, and agile driving dynamics. The 2005 long wheelbase XJs are full-size luxury sedans with an even roomier interior, and unmistakeable Jaguar personality with abundant levels of 'get up and go.' With both wheelbase and overall length increased by 5 inches, and the rear roofline subtly raised 0.28 in. to increase headroom, it offers the additional level of rear interior space and equipment ideally suited to Jaguar's North American existing customer base…with even wider appeal to attract new customers.

The long wheelbase XJs use the same unique, highly innovative aluminum alloy monocoque body shell construction as the 2004 standard wheelbase XJs. With the longest wheelbase and longest overall length in its class (the premium large sedan segment), and with the whole of its additional body length incorporated behind the B pillars, the long wheelbase XJs have class-leading rear head and leg room with more than 43 inches of rear leg room. The Vanden Plas offers a choice of two rear seat configurations, standard fixed bench or optional power adjustable bench – while Super V8 standard equipment includes the power rear bench seat with controls for the two outboard rear passengers.

‘Business Trays’ on Vanden Plas and Super V8 models, fold down from the front seat backs (and are big enough to hold a notebook computer), maximize comfort and convenience. Longer rear doors create more room for entry and exit. Also in the rear seats, an available Multimedia Entertainment system includes a DVD player, and twin 6.5-inch display screens, again incorporated into the front seat headrests. The Multimedia system's switchpack permits universal connectivity to external devices, including iPod, MP3, etc. The Multimedia Entertainment system is standard on the flagship Super V8 and optional on other XJ models. Also standard on Super V8 is the otherwise optional 4-zone climate control system with individual rear seat settings. A wider choice of luxurious interior trims, including new leather and trim options, accompany the host of enhancements to the 2005 XJ range.

The long wheelbase XJ continues to offer the choice of powerful, refined and efficient V8 gasoline engines, from a naturally aspirated 4.2-liter V8 to the range-topping 390bhp SAE supercharged 4.2-liter V8 - both matched to the advanced ZF six-speed automatic transmission. With only a minimal weight increase over the standard wheelbase XJ, - just 44lb, including the higher level of standard equipment – all derivatives have virtually unchanged levels of performance and fuel economy.

The XJ sedan’s elegant lines are enhanced by the increased length - with the car's greenhouse now perfectly balanced across the B-post. New front grille treatments for XJ8 and XJ8L plus the adoption of bigger, 18-inch diameter alloy wheels as standard on these models simply confirm the long wheelbase XJ’s luxurious, dynamic, distinctively Jaguar character.

‘The long wheelbase models add another dimension to the XJ line-up. These vehicles were designed from the outset to be long wheelbase cars, therefore the 'stretch' seems natural in the styling and feel of the car. It's the largest Jaguar ever built, providing customers with unsurpassed cabin space while maintaining high levels of luxury and performance as one would come to expect from a Jaguar." Ian Callum, Director of Design, Jaguar Cars

Dynamically, too, the long wheelbase XJ is uniquely distinguishable from the standard wheelbase car. While gaining interior space it remains compact enough to fit into a normally sized garage, and to handle the tight spaces of multi-story parking structures. Its turning circle is a tight 39.5 ft. that out-manoeuvres the LWB XJ's competitors. The aluminum alloy monocoque shell retains its exceptional stiffness and light weight, while spring and damper settings and suspension mounts and bushing have been revised - to give the long wheelbase XJ the same highly acclaimed ride, handling balance and steering feel as the standard wheelbase model. There are further benefits in revising the suspension mountings, by reducing transmitted noise levels and improving overall refinement.

The long wheelbase XJ includes a full list of active and passive safety features. Jaguar’s Adaptive Restraint Technology System (A.R.T.S.) combines dual stage driver and passenger airbags, ultrasonic position sensing, seat-occupation sensing, side-impact chest airbags in the front seat bolsters, front and rear side air curtains, anti-whiplash seat design, and ISOFIX rear child seat attachments. It has four-channel ABS anti-lock brakes with Emergency Brake Assist (EBA), traction control, and Dynamic Stability Control (DSC) all as standard. High levels of security are also standard, including automatic drive away locking, remote two-stage unlocking, headlight convenience operation, and remote operated panic alarm.

With low repair costs thanks to careful design, a bolt-on front end, and a high level of security features, the long wheelbase XJ has competitive insurance ratings.

All of which adds up to an XJ in which additional space, luxury and convenience come with an enhanced level of standard features, resulting in increased vehicle value.


The long wheelbase XJ is the natural fit for the Jaguar driver who enjoys the focused driving dynamics of the standard wheelbase XJ sedan, but who prefers the additional rear seat room, and the added opportunity of using the back seats as a travelling office or meeting room.

The XJ’s long wheelbase heritage

There have been long wheelbase versions of the XJ beginning with the Series 1, which launched in 1968 and added long wheelbase versions from 1972. When the Series 2 arrived in 1973 with long wheelbase versions right from the start of production, this became the standard car in 1974, and the original shorter wheelbase models were discontinued. The choice continued with the Series 3 from 1979 to 1992 and through the XJ40 for 1993 and 1994. From the end of 1994, with the appearance of the XJ6 family, the long wheelbase variants hit the big numbers again, with more than 17,500 cars rolling off the Jaguar lines. The most recent past generation of XJ, the XJ8, produced nearly 40,000 long wheelbase sales between 1997 and its end of production in 2003 - when the all-new XJ appeared. In 2004, Jaguar introduces the largest version of the long wheelbase XJ to date, which is an overall 3 inches longer than the previous long wheelbase model, and the most technically sophisticated XJ to date.

. . . and the new generation of Jaguar technology

The standard wheelbase version of this seventh generation XJ sedan broke new ground when it went on sale in 2003, as a 2004 model year car. It remained unmistakably an XJ, whose elegant, purposeful appearance hints once again at both luxury and effortless performance. But supporting both style and dynamics, its new design and fabrication techniques (based on a deep understanding of material properties), had led to the creation of unique and ground breaking construction methods for Jaguar’s flagship sedan. In this all-new generation, for the first time ever, the complete body structure of the XJ sedan is manufactured from aluminum alloy.

Aluminum alloy is notable for its high strength and low weight, but it isn’t a new material for Jaguar. From its earliest days as a car manufacturer, Jaguar has used many forms of light alloy in its vehicles and components. In the XJ, however, Jaguar uses it in a unique and innovative way. Unlike other aluminum-alloy-bodied cars, which typically use unstressed outer panels over a separate chassis, the XJ’s body shell uses conventional, stressed skin, monocoque construction. By employing advanced assembly techniques from the aerospace industry, including adhesive bonding and self-piercing rivets, the XJ uses lightweight aluminium alloys, rather than steel, as its principal body material. In effect, riveting is used in a similar way to spot welding on a steel shell, and adhesive bonding is used in a similar way to seam welding. Using both together produces immensely strong, durable joints and a lightweight shell with exceptional torsional stiffness. In addition, the latest forming, casting, welding, machining and extrusion processes have further increased the possibilities offered by both aluminum and magnesium alloys, for maximum strength with minimum weight.

With this lightweight monocoque construction, any new XJ sedan is some 180 lbs lighter , as well as 40 percent stiffer and 60 percent lighter than the equivalent model from the previous generation, and significantly stronger. This has a very beneficial effect on power-to-weight ratio - which is a major factor in almost all aspects of vehicle performance. Reducing a vehicle’s weight (without compromising its strength) will improve its performance for the same power output. That not only improves straight-line performance, and especially acceleration, but by allowing the engine to work less hard it also improves fuel consumption. Lower weight reduces the energy involved in any impact, however minor, and also improves braking performance. This benefits subjective areas such as ride comfort, handling agility and steering feel - all of which are core elements in the defining character of any Jaguar.

Other advantages are inherent in these materials and in Jaguar’s unique construction method. The treated alloy panels are highly corrosion resistant, for long life, with a 6-year anti-corrosion warranty. Jaguar uses them in such a way as to minimize repair costs in the event of accident damage. The deformable aluminum alloy front structure can withstand an impact of up to10mph without transferring damage to the main shell. It is bolted on, so that it can be replaced more quickly and easily if needed. Front fenders, as well as trunk and hood lids, are bolted on, and the doors feature ‘lift-off’ hinges - again for easier, more economical, replacement. The shell is also protected by injection-molded front and rear bumpers. All this helps the XJ achieve competitive insurance ratings.

Space to work, or room to relax

To add the required extra space and equipment to the new model while retaining the dynamic character, the style and the everyday drivability of the standard wheelbase XJ, Jaguar has increased the original wheelbase by 5inches to 124.4in, and overall length by the same amount, to 205.3in. That makes the long wheelbase XJ the longest car in its premium sedan class – 2.2 in. longer than the long version of the Mercedes Benz S-Class and 1.8 in. longer than the longest BMW 7 Series – yet still attractively compact.

All the additional body length was incorporated behind the B pillars, to increase the rear seating room. To maintain the XJ’s elegant visual proportions, and to gain a small but useful increase in headroom, the roofline was raised by 0.28 in. - a subtle new curvature resulting in class leading rear headroom.

The changes were cleverly engineered: only 17 body parts (including the large side pressings, new doors and longer roof) are new to the long wheelbase XJ, which is built on the same assembly line as the standard wheelbase model. Most significantly, it retains its exceptional shell stiffness, and thanks to careful weight management in both shell and other areas the long wheelbase XJ adds only 44lb body weight.

As well as class leading headroom, the increased rear passenger space gives the long wheelbase XJ an outstanding 43.4 inches of rear legroom - without compromising the XJ’s excellent 16.4 cu ft. luggage volume.


Jaguar XJ SWB Jaguar XJ LWB Mercedes Benz
S-Class LWB BMW 7 Series LWB
Overall Length 200.4 in. 205.3 in. 203 in. 203.5 in.
Overall Height 57.0 in. 57.3 in. 57.2 in. 58.7 in.
Overall Width 73.6 in. 73.6 in. 73.0 in. 74.9 in.
Wheelbase 119.4 in. 124.4 in. 121.5 in. 123.2 in.
Front Track 61.3 in. 61.3 in. 62.0 in. 62.1 in.
Rear Track 60.9 in. 60.9 in. 62.0 in. 62.3 in.
Turning Circle (ft.) 38.1 ft. 39.5 ft. 39.7 ft. 41.3 ft.
Front Legroom 43.1 in. 43.1 in. 41.3 in. 41.9 in.
Front Shoulder Room 58.3 in. 58.3 in. 59.2 in. 59.3 in.
Front Headroom 38.4 in. 38.4 in./39.8 in. 37.6 in. 39.2 in.
Rear Legroom 38.7 in. 43.3 in. 40.3 in. 43.4 in.
Rear Shoulder Room 58.2 in. 58.3 in. 58.3 in. 58.9 in.
Rear Headroom 38.6 in. 38.6 in. 38.4 in. 38.5 in.
Luggage Volume (Cubic Feet) 16.4 16.4 15.4 17.5

Added space allows a choice of rear seating options. The standard layout is a full width, three-passenger bench seat with four-way manual adjustment - for head restraints. Alternatively there is a three-passenger bench with powered four-way adjustment, and the front passenger seat can be moved forwards from the rear seat behind it, for even more leg room. Also for comfort, rear seat passengers may have individual controls for the four-zone climate control air conditioning system.

The rear seats of the long wheelbase XJ aren’t only spacious and comfortable, they can also be a convenient place to work while on the move. Business Trays fold down from the front seat backs - an ideal place to read or write, and big enough for a notebook computer, which can be powered from the auxiliary socket. And for work or relaxation, the XJ offers multi-media connectivity for iPod, MP3 player and DVD players, digital memory media, Playstation or Gameboy systems, with the option of 6.5-inch displays in the backs of the front seat headrests, and independent input points for two rear seat passengers.

In front, the long wheelbase XJ’s seats have multi-directional powered adjustment, and memory function for seat position, outside mirrors, steering column and adjustable pedals as standard, and the driving position can be fine tuned by reach and angle.

New options, for the personalized XJ

There are new interior trim options, and new equipment options on the long wheelbase XJ. There are several leather upholstery choices, including soft grain leather, and detail finishes either with or without color-contrasting piping, in an extended range of trim colors carefully co-ordinated with the range of body colors. Veneer selection includes the traditional Jaguar Burl Walnut on XJ8L and a specialized Burl Walnut veneer with hand-inlaid Peruvian boxwood available on Vanden Plas.

There is generous and versatile storage space, including a large glovebox with one-touch release offset towards the driver. As well as interior light and sunroof controls, the overhead console can incorporate the switches for features such as remote garage door opening and rear sunblinds, microphones for the built-in hands-free telephone and JaguarVoice systems. Jaguar is a leader in voice control technology, which can be used in the long wheelbase XJ to operate telephone, audio, air conditioning and satellite navigation functions, in several languages. All XJ models are pre-wired for installation of JaguarVoice.

Jaguar has embraced and developed many new technologies, but is careful to adopt them only when they are relevant and easy to use. Even without the JaguarVoice option, the XJ’s DVD-based navigation system is a good example of that philosophy. It uses a large, clear, touch sensitive screen with logical menus and commands. It can display points of interest, restaurants, hotels, parking facilities, Jaguar dealers, and gas stations - the latter automatically highlighted when the fuel level is low. Touch screen control also extends to the major audio and climate control functions.

Externally, the long wheelbase XJ echoes the latest enhancements to the standard wheelbase XJ. Depending on model that means chrome grille surround with either chrome bar or chrome mesh inserts - the latter distinguishing the supercharged 4.2 V8 model. The standard alloy wheel diameter is now 18 rather than 17 inches, emphasising the XJ’s dynamic character. There are two 18-inch wheel styles dependent upon model (XJ8L or Vanden Plas) with the new Super V8 riding on a 19-inch 'Custom' style alloy wheel.

With the introduction of the third generation of Jaguar's Adaptive Cruise Control system, this advanced feature becomes available on all XJ models and is standard on both the XJR and the Super V8. Adaptive Cruise Control uses radar sensors to automatically maintain a safe distance from traffic ahead. In addition, Jaguar's unique Multimedia Entertainment system is optional on XJ8L and Vanden Plas and is yet another standard feature on Super V8 models.

The power to support the luxury

The long wheelbase XJ offers a choice of two versions of Jaguar’s compact, lightweight, short stroke, all-alloy, four-cam 32-valve V8 petrol engines - naturally aspirated 4.2-liter and the supercharged 4.2-liter.

Both engines share similar construction, with aluminum alloy blocks and cylinder heads, designed for high strength, long durability and minimum transmitted noise and vibration. All use chain driven overhead camshafts with low noise, fine pitch, inverted tooth chains and sprockets. Naturally aspirated engines use VCP (Variable Camshaft Phasing), continuously varying the phasing of the inlet camshaft according to demand, to optimize low speed torque and high speed power, while reducing emissions. High compression ratios and multi-hole injection nozzles improve combustion, improving fuel economy and further reducing emissions. Short engine and catalyst warm up times make further gains.

The naturally aspirated version of the 4.2-liter V8 produces 294bhp SAE at 6,000 rev/min, again with impressive mid range flexibility, and with a torque peak of 303 ft lb. SAE at 4,100 rev/min.

The mechanically supercharged 4.2-liter V8 uses an Eaton supercharger, twin high efficiency intercoolers, a special twin pump fuel system, and forged oil cooled pistons to handle the increased internal loads and temperatures without compromising durability. It produces 33 percent more power than its naturally aspirated equivalent - a very strong 390bhp SAE at 6,100 rev/min, and an even more robust torque peak of 399lb ft SAE at only 3,500 rev/min. What’s more, it’s exceptional torque spread delivers at least 86 percent of the peak torque figure across a very wide range, from 2,000 rev/min to well beyond the peak point.

Both engines are partnered by the six-speed ZF automatic transmission that was the world’s first stepped six-speed automatic transmission when it made its debut in the S-TYPE R in 2002. This light, compact unit is perfectly matched to the V8 family’s power characteristics, and is also a major contributor, to the XJ’s refinement. It features Bosch Mechatronic shift - an electro-hydraulic shift mechanism incorporated into the main gearbox casing and whose adaptive shift strategy (controlled by the ECU) responds both to road conditions and to the way the car is being driven, to give the smoothest shifts and optimum performance. It also uses the latest version of Jaguar’s ‘J Gate’ selector, with its very smooth shift action.

Involving driving dynamics – still the XJ way

It was a key requirement in engineering the long wheelbase XJ that it should retain XJ's ideal balance between ride and handling dynamics. Like the standard wheelbase XJ, all long wheelbase models use self-levelling air suspension, Jaguar’s CATS (Computer Active Technology Suspension), and anti-roll bars front and rear, for optimum comfort and control. Both front and rear suspensions use double wishbone layouts, with lightweight alloy components to reduce unsprung weight. Both front and rear suspensions are mounted on isolated subframes, with rubber and hydraulic bushes to give precise control with maximum noise and vibration suppression. Pressurized air springs are used rather than conventional steel coils, to give ample travel while optimizing the balance between comfort and control. Effective spring stiffness increases with load, to give a consistent ride, and ride height is automatically controlled according to the data supplied by three height sensors. At high cruising speeds, ride height is automatically lowered by 0.6 inches to enhance stability, minimize aerodynamic drag and maximize fuel economy.

Jaguar’s industry leading CATS Computer Active Technology Suspension is an electronic control system that uses adaptive damping to endow the long wheelbase XJ with the blend of driving dynamics, comfort and refinement that is a Jaguar hallmark. It continuously adjusts damping characteristics to suit the driving conditions, optimizing both ride and handling. A series of sensors provide information to the ECU electronic control unit, which is mapped to deliver the best solution to dampers that can switch between firm and soft settings within milliseconds. The system is standard on every XJ, including all long wheelbase models, and the combination of CATS, the double wishbone layout and air springs ensures the classic Jaguar balance of agile handling, outstanding ride comfort and fine steering feel.

The long wheelbase XJ uses the same speed sensitive ZF Servotronic power assisted steering system as the standard wheelbase XJ, specifically calibrated for the revised suspension settings, and for each different engine type.

The naturally aspirated V8 model has ventilated 12.6 inch front and 11.3 inch rear discs with floating aluminum callipers. The supercharged V8 uses the high performance XJR’s uprated brake layout, developed with Brembo and using ventilated14.4 inch front discs with four-piston aluminum monobloc callipers, and solid13.0 inch rear discs with two piece four piston callipers. All versions have four-channel ABS anti-lock and EBA Emergency Brake Assist.

The ABS system also contributes to the long wheelbase XJ’s standard Traction Control and DSC Dynamic Stability Control systems. Traction Control combines throttle control, to reduce engine torque, and selective rear wheel braking using the ABS system, to counteract wheelspin when too much power is applied on a low grip surface. DSC uses throttle control plus selective braking on all four wheels to counteract either understeer or oversteer if the limits of adhesion are overstepped.

The reassurance of A.R.T.S. – Jaguar’s sophisticated safety net

Beyond the active safety foundations of thoroughly resolved handling, roadholding, braking and stability, the long wheelbase XJ features Jaguar's Adaptive Restraint Technology System, A.R.T.S. This industry-leading system represents a major advance in passive safety systems, and is standard on all XJs. A.R.T.S combines ultrasonic front passenger sensing technology coupled with dual-stage front airbags. It also features an energy-absorbing seating system incorporating a mechanism in the front seat back rests designed to reduce whiplash type injuries, and pyrotechnic pre-tensioners for all seat belts. Jaguar introduced the world’s first Ultrasonic Occupant Sensing System, to give maximum control over the deployment of airbags in any kind of impact. A.R.T.S. can even decide not to deploy airbags when it would be inappropriate. As part of A.R.T.S., Ultrasonic Occupant Sensing is combined with a series of sensors that assess a passenger’s weight, the position of the driver in relation to the steering wheel, whether or not seat belts are being worn, and in the event of an accident, whether or not the impact is severe enough to need the airbags.

Communicating through a central processor, A.R.T.S. controls whether the two-stage airbags are deployed at all, or inflated fully or only inflated partially. It is sophisticated enough to tailor airbag response to the needs of each front seat occupant and the severity of any impact. It greatly reduces the risk of injury caused by any inappropriate airbag deployment, and is particularly beneficial for smaller front seat occupants, who are more vulnerable to airbag-related injury. It also avoids the cost of airbag replacement when a deployment wasn’t needed either because the seat was unoccupied or the nature of the impact didn’t require it.

The long wheelbase XJ’s safety equipment also includes chest airbags in the driver and front passenger seat bolsters, side air curtains all round, ISOFIX rear child seat attachment points, a telescoping steering column, and Beltminder - an audible reminder, backed up by a warning lamp, if seat belts haven’t been fastened at speeds above 10mph.

The Jaguar security system features sophisticated electronic protection using the XJ’s multiplex electrical architecture. It incorporates a transponder controlled, rolling code, random encryption engine immobiliser, and transponder coded central locking, both activated by a radio frequency micro transmitter in the ignition key. The alarm system includes perimeter sensing of doors, trunk and hood. The door locking functions use automatic two-stage unlocking, and automatic drive away locking, which operates when the gear selector is moved into gear from Park or Neutral. A Jaguar retailer can program additional security features on demand.

The addition of the long wheelbase XJ to the Jaguar range further enhances the performance and luxury offerings that Jaguar customers have come to expect from its flagship sedan.

7,859 Posts
Discussion Starter #5




IRVINE, Calif., Apr 2, 2004 - Today, Land Rover introduces LR3, an all-new SUV that makes its debut at the New York International Auto Show on April 7. With its class-leading breadth of capability, innovative user-friendly technology, and new levels of interior space, the Land Rover LR3 is set to offer the ultimate premium sport-utility package.

"A true Land Rover, the LR3 benefits from a clarity of purpose and conviction that is evident from the clean design to the versatility and outstanding driving experience. Like all new Land Rovers, it's always great to drive on-road, as well as being best-in-class off-road," said Matthew Taylor, managing director, Land Rover.

LR3 is a new vehicle in every way. Developed by and for Land Rover, it is a modern architecture that is designed to offer excellent on-pavement behavior while upholding Land Rover's rigorous off-road standards. Building on the philosophy established by Range Rover, it introduces a breadth of capability and a level of luxury that sets a new standard for the category.

Power is from a Jaguar-sourced 4.4-litre 300bhp (SAE) V8 - tailored to meet Land Rover requirements particularly for off-road usage - a six-speed 'intelligent shifting' automatic gearbox, permanent four-wheel drive, fully independent electronic air suspension and seating for up to seven adult-sized passengers.

The Land Rover LR3 continues the brand's tradition of introducing class-leading technologies, the most significant of which is Terrain ResponseTM. This new and patented system allows drivers to maximize the capability built into their vehicle; the driver simply selects one of five terrain settings via a rotary switch, and the vehicle's electronic controls and traction systems are optimized for that surface.

Other innovative user-friendly technologies include DVD navigation and adaptive headlights that swivel with the direction of travel to illuminate the road ahead.

From a styling standpoint, LR3 projects a modern image, while incorporating hallmark Land Rover design cues, such as short overhangs and bold lines. Family lineage is apparent in the Range Rover-like front-end treatment, and a power-vent adds a functional yet finished accent to the profile.

The vehicle is optimized for passenger enjoyment. A class-leading roof design features three glass panels -- a sunroof and two moonroofs -- allowing the environment to surround the cabin and complement the spacious greenhouse.

Comfortable seating in all three rows, available in-vehicle entertainment and the fold-flat seats all contribute to packaging that allows LR3 to appeal to a broad-base of customers.

As with Range Rover, cargo access is through a split-tailgate. For LR3, Land Rover has developed an asymmetrical gate, easing access to the cargo area.

Large passenger doors provide easy access, with both second and third rows entered from the center doors.
"LR3 is a Land Rover designed to fulfill the needs of the North American consumer," says Mike O'Driscoll, president, Aston Martin Jaguar Land Rover, North America. "It blends innovative technology and refinement with traditional Land Rover strengths to rewrite the definition of a modern, premium SUV."

The all-new Land Rover LR3 will go on-sale later this year.

Editor's Note: The all-new Land Rover wears the name LR3 in North America and Discovery 3 in all other markets.

7,859 Posts
Discussion Starter #6



• The 2006 Lincoln Zephyr represents “the most youthful of Lincolns” – an all-new sedan that will attract new and younger customers to the Lincoln showroom.
• The Lincoln Zephyr shows how the Lincoln hallmarks of refined luxury, exceptional comfort and elegant style translate into a new class. This will be the first sedan to fully incorporate Lincoln’s expressive and lavish new interior design themes.

The 2006 Lincoln Zephyr teaser unveiled at 2004 the New York International Auto Show illustrates how Lincoln can bring its hallmarks of elegant design and comfort to a new generation of customers. The midsize, five-passenger Lincoln Zephyr is a premium sedan with features that assure comfort and refinement worthy of a Lincoln. Just as significantly, it also introduces the design elegance and refinement that have made Lincoln Navigator and Aviator such desirable nameplates.
This teaser vehicle unveiled in New York sets the stage – and sends a strong signal – for the production version of Lincoln’s next sedan. The concept builds on themes explored in the Lincoln Mark LT and new Lincoln Aviator concepts that were unveiled at the 2004 North American International Auto Show in Detroit.

Production Version is on the Way

The Lincoln Zephyr fits perfectly with the brand’s strategy of providing additional entry points to draw new customers into the Lincoln Mercury showroom.
“The Lincoln Zephyr is a clear example of how we are able to bring exciting new products to the Lincoln stable by leveraging efficiencies throughout the Ford Motor Company organization. These great new products and the new customers they will attract are at the core of the Lincoln renaissance.” said Darryl Hazel, Lincoln Mercury president.
Production of the Lincoln Zephyr will begin in 2005. It will go on sale later that year as a 2006 model. It will complement the existing Lincoln lineup and provide a new entry in one of the “sweet spots” of the luxury market – the growing midsize premium segment.
“The Lincoln Zephyr has all the design and comfort leadership that consumers expect from a Lincoln, but in a new segment that is more accessible to young professionals. This is definitely the most youthful of all Lincolns. It’s all about great, elegant design, exceptional comfort and a youthful attitude,” said Mark Birnhart, product marketing manager.

Shape of Things to Come

The Lincoln Zephyr’s confident stance is wide and planted, suggesting a bold and aggressive attitude. It is instantly recognizable as a member of the Lincoln family – note the distinctive chrome waterfall grille and marquee placement of the Lincoln star emblems front and rear.
Design statements such as the bold horizontal lines of the taillamps and grille reinforce its athleticism. Instead, the Lincoln Zephyr establishes its sport sedan persona with geometric elements such as a steeply raked windshield, strong horizontal themes and wide, large-diameter, spoked alloy wheels.
“Wheels play an important role in generating a positive first impression, and these wheels reinforce the Lincoln Zephyr’s confident personality,” said David Woodhouse, who developed the concept design under Executive Director Henrik Fisker at Lincoln’s California Design Center. “The Lincoln Zephyr sits low, with a strong, wide stance. Everything emphasizes the purposeful, confident character of this vehicle.”
The wheels are 19 inches in diameter and feature a symmetrical 12-spoke layout that complements the Lincoln star located on the flush center caps. The spoke pattern puts the Lincoln logo in the “crosshairs,” like a telescopic sight, drawing the eye toward the wheel center.
The car’s color – a warm golden silver called Cashmere – was chosen to work in harmony with the dramatic cabin design.

Luminous and Luxurious

“It’s a very light and bright combination,” Woodhouse said. “Everything from the body color to the interior is very light. This gives it a luminous, luxurious feeling, which accentuates the real wood, genuine leather and metallic accents.”
The side profile is complemented by chrome trim at the belt line, door handles and mirror caps, and the soft glow of satin aluminum wheels. The light body color also provides a strong contrast to the bold, dark window graphics.
The rear window sweeps well up into the roof, but due to its steep angle, appears wide and low from the rear, reinforcing the strong horizontal lines of the taillamps, which extend well into the trunk lid.
The rear bumper surface is nearly flush, contributing to the clean, uncluttered lines. Completing the effect is a lower tray framed by a thin line of bright metal trim milled from solid aluminum. Twin chrome tailpipes set wide apart extend through the lower fascia.
The horizontal theme continues at the front of the car, where a classic Lincoln grille, executed in chrome, is flanked by wide, jeweled headlamps with projector-style barrels whose lower edges dip down into the horizontal turn signals. Side markers are integrated into the headlamp barrels as well, for a tailored appearance.
The front bumper fascia is likewise nearly flush, surmounting a lower fascia that repeats the rear theme with a wide, horizontal air intake and wide-set, twin round running lamps with chrome trim rings.

Lavish Interior Design and Package

“There’s a strong European influence in the design theme, but we didn’t lose the essential North American qualitys,” Phil Simmons, chief designer. “You see that in the way it carries itself – there’s a uniquely North American confidence, a certain swagger, almost.”
Design themes explored in a series of recent Lincoln concepts come into sharp focus in the interior of the new Lincoln Zephyr. Expect to see most of these elements again when the production car is unveiled.
“Lincoln is renowned for being a design leader, and nowhere is this more apparent than in our interiors,” said Marek Reichman, director, Interior Design Strategy. “The design philosophies explored in our concept vehicles, as well as many of the materials such as real wood, are already making their way into Lincoln production vehicles, such as the Navigator and Aviator. With the new Lincoln Zephyr, they will find their fullest expression in an automobile.”
The key interior features of the Lincoln Zephyr are a commanding driving environment and the sophisticated interplay between surface textures, such as satin aluminum, chrome, leather and wood.
The center console flows upward into a symmetrical, full-width instrument panel. The center stack features a prominent information center that serves as the controller for the exclusive THX™-certified ultra premium audio system as well as a navigational screen. All buttons and knobs are chromed, as are the one-touch louvered air vents, interior door handles and the control stalks on either side of the steering wheel.
One show-stopping feature that was seen on the Lincoln Mark LT – a corrugated aluminum waterfall that flows downward into the center stack from the top of the instrument panel – is personalized to the Lincoln Zephyr with wider, more tactile raised surfaces.
“It’s a bit like a roll-top desk brought to the 21st century,” Woodhouse said. “Metal ribbing gives the center stack a lot of surface interest and lends a feeling of strength and confidence.”
In keeping with the light exterior colors, the Lincoln Zephyr interior features light surfaces including sophisticated Harewood, an exotic wood installed with its fine grain pattern running horizontally. Wood is used symmetrically with a wide horizontal band on each side of the instrument panel, as well as facing the center console. Wood frames the chrome center of the substantial shift knob and is used in the hand grip area between the spokes of the steering wheel.
The gauges were inspired by stylish wristwatches, with rounded rectangular housings, light faces and chrome hubs and pointers. The tachometer is given equal prominence with the speedometer in the symmetric array. The effect is enhanced by white LED lighting at night.
The steering wheel is distinctively Lincoln, with four parallel horizontal spokes. Redundant audio controls and speed controls reside in satin metal inserts that serve as the inner face of the spokes. The steering wheel is trimmed in leather, with a prominent Lincoln star at its center.
The seats are faced in new, softer premium leather, with shapes inspired by the classic Eames lounge chairs. “There’s a clean, tailored theme to the seats,” Woodhouse said.
The two-tone theme, with seats that are lighter in color than the center console and other panels, reinforces the organic symmetry of the design. Yet the overall impression is one of light and airy elegance and refinement.
The rear-seat passengers are just as cosseted as those up front – a testament to the efficient packaging in this midsize Lincoln.
The rear seat features a generous fold-down arm rest with contrasting surfaces. As in the front, door panels use accents of satin aluminum, as well as technical metallic speaker cover fabric.

Driving Enjoyment

The Lincoln Zephyr is designed to provide confident and effortless driving enjoyment. It builds on Ford Motor Company’s CD3 midsize-architecture, customized for Lincoln ride comfort and driving dynamics.
The Lincoln Zephyr features a specially tuned and more powerful version of the Duratec 30 3.0-liter V-6 engine with intake variable cam timing (VCT), mated to a premium six-speed front-wheel-drive transmission and, following the launch, available all-wheel drive.
The new six-speed transmission amplifies engine torque to provide better acceleration than comparable vehicles with four- or five-speed transmissions. Electronic throttle control and the electronically controlled transmission calibration assure smooth and seamless shifts, for quiet performance worthy of the Lincoln brand.
This is the first new front-wheel-drive Lincoln since the Continental, which featured front drive from 1988-2002, and is the lightest Lincoln – a key enabler in creating a responsive driving experience. The twin exhausts behind the single central muffler help to reduce back pressure, for added performance.
The Lincoln Zephyr team was able to develop, tune and refine a complete vehicle package in about 30 months – a very short time for a new vehicle program, made possible by the ability to tap into assets throughout the Ford Motor Company. Much of the initial work, including analysis of potential interior noise sources, benefited from the use of sophisticated computer-aided-engineering tools.
Dampers, spring rates and bushings in the fully independent suspension have been specially selected and tuned for Lincoln driving characteristics, with an emphasis on comfort without sacrificing nimble response. The power steering system also has been uniquely tuned to complement the suspension and tires, which have unique internal construction for comfort and quiet performance. The large, four-wheel disc brakes provide confident stopping performance.

Built-In Safety

For occupant safety, the Lincoln Zephyr features a robust steel “safety cage” construction, with engineered crush zones to absorb impact energy. Ford Motor Company’s industry-leading Personal Safety System provides a combination of active and passive safety features, such as front and side air bags, side air curtains, occupant classification sensing, three-point safety belts with front-seat pretensioners and retractors, tire pressure sensing, anti-lock braking and traction control.
A production version of the Lincoln Zephyr will be offered for sale in the United States, Canada, Mexico and other markets in late 2005 as a 2006 model. Pricing and final specifications will be announced closer to launch.

Lincoln Zephyr Name Recalls Era of Elegance
The original 1936 Lincoln Zephyr was based on an innovative concept by Dutch-born designer John Tjaarda of the Briggs Body Corp. He drew inspiration from the aerodynamic “streamliner” trains that were catching the nation’s imagination – including the record-setting diesel-powered Burlington Zephyr that helped to end the age of steam.

Lincoln Zephyrs also were noted for spirited performance – with an impressive (for the time) 110 horsepower from their flathead V-12 engines. This combination of elegance and attitude made the 1942 Lincoln Zephyr convertible a perfect prop – along with a succession of martini glasses – for the famed “Thin Man” movie series, starring William Powell and Myrna Loy as debonair crime fighters Nick and Nora Charles.

Despite its elegant appearance, the new Lincoln Zephyr was by far the least costly Lincoln of the time, benefiting from mass-production efficiencies.

Delivering on the Promise

Lincoln Mercury’s revitalization is built on strong products – 11 new vehicles including five new Lincolns in six new segments within the next four years. The Lincoln Zephyr follows the Aviator and Mark LT as the third new Lincoln introduced so far in 2004.

The new Lincoln Zephyr expands the brand into the fast-growing premium-midsize market, where Lincoln expects to find a new generation of customers.

“This will be the first taste of luxury for many buyers and their first exposure to the Lincoln brand,” said Product Marketing Manager Mark Birnhart.

“We see tremendous potential for Lincoln Mercury in new categories, including the medium premium segment, where we will be competing with the Lexus ES330, Acura TL, Infiniti G35 and Cadillac CTS. Consumers are telling us that they want new choices, and we’re responding in a highly targeted way,” he added.
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